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An Outline of Gasoline – A Petroleum Product

Shazia Akhtar


Petrol is short for petroleum, which is unprocessed crude or shale oil. This liquid contains hydrocarbons, and the carbon atoms in crude oil link together in chains of different lengths. Gasoline (American English) or petrol (British English) is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines. Gas is short for gasoline, a petroleum byproduct, which is what the fuel used in most internal combustion engines, is actually called. Because crude oil is made up of a mixture of hydrocarbons, refineries break down these hydrocarbons into different products. These “refined products” include gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, jet fuel, liquefied petroleum gases, residual fuel oil, and many other products. It is a highly volatile hydrocarbon derived from crude oil. In its natural state gasoline is a liquid with a strong solvent smell. Typically, it is used to fuel internal combustion engines for cars, motorbikes, trucks, boats and other transport vehicles. Gasoline is made from crude oil. The crude oil pumped out of the ground is black liquid called petroleum. It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives.

Keywords: crude oil, gasoline, leaded gasoline, refineries

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