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Significance of RDX – A Highly Explosive Energetic Material

RVS Nagarajan

Abstract


Plastic demolition explosives containing RDX and PETN as major energetic components.
Torpex: 42% RDX, 40% TNT, and 18% powdered aluminium. The mixture was designed during
World War II and used mainly in underwater ordnance. It is made from other chemicals known
as hexamine, ammonium nitrate, nitric acid, and acetic acid. A small amount of HMX is also
formed in making cyclotrimethylene-trinitramine (RDX), another explosive similar in structure
to HMX. Composition B, colloquially "Comp B", is an explosive consisting of castable mixtures
of RDX and TNT. It is used as the main explosive filling in artillery projectiles, rockets, land
mines, hand grenades and various other munitions.

Keywords: RDX, HMX, Military uses, explosive nitroamines

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