Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Mini Review on Refractory Materials

Radhika Gupta


Refractory retains its strength at high temperatures & gt; 500°C. They must be chemically and
physically stable at high temperatures and need to be resistant to thermal shock, should be
chemically inert, and have specific ranges of thermal conductivity and thermal expansion and are
used in linings for furnaces, kilns, incinerators, crucibles and reactors. Aluminium oxide
(alumina), silicon oxide (silica), calcium oxide (lime) magnesium oxide (magnesia) and fireclays
are used to manufacture refractory materials. Zirconia has extremely high temperatures. SiC and
Carbon are also used in some very severe temperature conditions, but cannot be used in oxygen
environment, as they will oxidize and burn.

Keywords: Refractory Materials, Aluminium oxide, silicon oxide, calcium oxide magnesium oxide, fireclays

Full Text:



ASTM Volume 15.01 Refractories;

Activated Carbon, Advanced


Refractory Materials for Flame

Deflector Protection System

Corrosion Control: Similar Industries

and/or Launch Facilities Survey -

January 2009 – NASA.

How cool are refractory materials?

(PDF), J Southern Afr Inst Mining

Metal. 2008; 106: 1–16p.

M.P. Groover. Fundamentals of

Modern Manufacturing: Materials,

Processes, and Systems. John Wiley

& Sons; 2010.

ISBN 9780470467008.

Sonntag, Kiss, Banhidi, Weber. New

Kiln furniture solutions for technical

ceramics, Ceram Forum Int. 2009;

(4): 29–34p.

Roza, Greg. Zirconium. The Rosen

Publishing Group; 2009.

H.O. Pierson. Handbook of Chemical

Vapor Deposition (CVD): Principles,

Technology, and Applications.

William Andrew; 1992, 206p.

“Accuratus”. Aluminum Oxide, Al2O3

Ceramic Properties. 2013. Retrieved

November 22, 2014.

The Accelerated Drying of

Refractory Concrete – Parts I and II,

Volume 6, Issues 2 and 4 /The

Refractory Worldforum.

P. Mullinger, B. Jenkins. Industrial

and process furnaces.

O.P. Gupta. Elements of Fuels.

Furnaces and refractories.


  • There are currently no refbacks.