Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cellulose: A Natural Polymer on the Earth

S. Gawande


Cellulose is the substance that makes up most of a plant's cell walls. Since it is made by all plants, it is probably the most abundant organic compound on Earth. Aside from being the primary building material for plants, cellulose has many others uses. According to how it is treated, cellulose can be used to make paper, film, explosives, and plastics, in addition to having many other industrial uses. The paper and clothes are composed of cellulose. For humans, cellulose is also a major source of needed fiber in our diet. New Frontiers, including environmentally friendly cellulose fiber technologies, bacterial cellulose biomaterials, and in-vitro syntheses of cellulose are highlighted together with future aims, strategies, and perspectives of cellulose research and its applications.

Full Text:



Cellulose. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 11, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Y. Nishiyama, P. Langan, H. Chanzy. Crystal structure and hydrogen-bonding system in cellulose Iβ from synchrotron X-ray and neutron fiber diffraction, J Am Chem Soc. 2002; 124(31): 9074–82p.

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0110. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

R.L. Crawford. Lignin Biodegradation and Transformation. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1981. ISBN 0-471-05743-6.

T. Romeo. Bacterial Biofilms. Berlin: Springer; 2008, 258–63p. ISBN 978-3-540-75418-3.

D. Klemm, B. Heublein, H.-P. Fink, A. Bohn. Cellulose: fascinating biopolymer and sustainable raw material, Angew Chem Int Ed. 2005; 44(22): 3358–93p.

Chemical Composition of Wood.

S. Piotrowski, M. Carus. Multi-criteria Evaluation of Lignocellulosic Niche Crops for Use in Biorefinery Processes. Hürth, Germany: Nova-Institute GmbH; 2011.

M.S. Mettler, D.G. Vlachos, P.J. Dauenhauer. Top ten fundamental challenges of biomass pyrolysis for biofuels, Energy Environ Sci. 2012; 5(7): 7797p.

D.G. Barkalow, R.L. Whistler. Cellulose, Access Sci. 2014.

Zeoform: The eco-friendly building material of the future? Retrieved 2013-08-30.


  • There are currently no refbacks.